Health and Safety 6-12 Months

 

Starting New Foods

  • At about 6 months you may begin to feed your baby solid foods. Atart with iron fortified cereal.
  • Introduce fruits and vegetables after your baby eats iron-fortified cereal well.
  • Introduce new foods one at a time.
  • To prevent choking only give your baby very soft, small bites of finger foods after 9 months.
  • Avoid foods that cause allergy – peanut butter, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish until 9 months. Avoid honey; babies under 1 year are at risk for botulism from spores from honey.
  • The high acid content in citrus foods and juices can cause rashes. Juices are not recommended unless prune juice is needed for constipation.
  • Foods to be avoided throughout infancy and toddlerhood since they are easily choked on include: nuts, pop-corn, hot dog rounds (okay if cut lengthwise), hard candy, whole grapes (okay if cut lengthwise).
  • At around 9 months start giving more finger foods and start offering a sippy cup.
  • Give only healthful foods.  Do not give your baby soft drinks, tea, coffee or sugar sweetened drinks.
  • Continue to breastfeed or bottle-feed until 1 year; do not change to cow’s milk.

Bed Safety

  • Lower the crib mattress all the way when your baby begins to stand.
  •  When your baby is in the crib, make sure the drop side is up.

Car Safety

  •  Have your child’s car safety seat rear-facing until your baby is at least 2 years old and weighs at least 20 pounds.

 Water Safety

  • Empty buckets, pools, and tubs right after you use them.
  • Never leave your baby alone near water or in bathwater, even in a bath seat or ring.  Always be close enough to touch your baby.

Healthy Teeth

  • Use a soft cloth or toothbrush to clean each tooth with water only as it comes in.
  • Do not give a bottle in bed.

Prevent Poisoning

  •  Do not store toxic fluids in soda cans, juice or milk bottles.
  • Lock up poisons, medicines and cleaning supplies; call Poison Help if your baby eats them at 1-800-222-1222.

Prevent Burns

  • Do not leave hot irons or hair care products plugged in.
  • Turn pot handles inward on the stove.
  • Move coffee cups away from the edges.
  • Turn your hot water heater to 110 F to avoid a scald or burn in the bath tub

 Media

  •  Avoid the use of TV, videos, and computers.

Other Ways to Keep Your Baby Safe

  • All toys should be washable, too large to swallow and non-toxic as babies tend to put everything in their mouths.
  • Watch for small beads and small parts of toys that can be swallowed.
  • Children under 4 years of age should not be given a toy with parts smaller than a ping-pong ball.
  • Close doors to rooms where your baby could be hurt, like the bathroom.
  •  Place gates on stairs.
  • Don’t leave your baby alone in the tub or high places such as the changing table, beds or sofas.
  •  Do not leave heavy or hot things on tablecloths that your baby could pull over.
  • Put barriers around space heaters, and keep electrical cords out of your baby’s reach.
  • Install openable window guards on second-story and higher and keep furniture away from windows.
  • Never have a gun in the home.  If you must have a gun, store it unloaded and locked with the ammunition locked separately from the gun.

Many of these suggestions come from the American Academy of Pediatrics 
Bright Futures Recommendations.

Copyright 2011Joomla 1.7 templates. Yogman Pediatric Associates- A "whole-child" pediatric practice - Terms of Use